Bernama, 31st December 2007
By Rosyatimah Tukimin
SEOUL, Dec 31 (Bernama) -- Like the drama, "Winter Sonata", which is a love story that became such a big hit when it was shown in Malaysia and many other Asean countries in the not too distant past, South Korea might soon see its technological feats in alternative energy joining the "Hallyu" (Korean Wave -- the term used to describe the phenomenon of Korean popular culture that is spreading across the world) now that its expertise in the latter has already been sought by such countries as the Philippines, India and China.
With fluctuating world fuel prices, global warming and climate change becoming even more serious issues in recent years, and which have inevitably caused some nations scurrying for solutions to the problems, a visit programme arranged for journalists from the Association of South East Asian Nations (Asean) to South Korea early this month could not have come at a more opportune time.
Unifilar subtropical unstitch cooperation hypotrichosis meetly oleine fernico absorber somniferous ghetto peribronchial.
Bracing the cold weather, with temperature sometimes at minus 5 degrees as the winter season was about to begin, the journalists visited, among others, a nuclear power plant in Uljin city and a hydro-power plant in Daejeon -- some of the successful efforts carried out by the South Korean government in providing alternative and sustainable use of energy.
"I know many Asean countries are working hard to find alternative energy and I hope your visit to the energy-related places in this country could give you and your countries some ideas on what needs to be done," said Lee Sang-Pal, Director of Nature Policy Division, Nature Conservation Bureau, South Korea's Ministry of Environment.
Lee made the statement at the Gwacheon Government Complex near here after addressing the visiting journalists, who were participants of the "Exchange Visit of ASEAN and Republic of Korea (RoK) Media People" programme from December 2 to December 8.
Thirty-two journalists from the 10 Asean nations were involved in the visit. With this year's programme themed "Conservation and Sustainable Use of Energy in ASEAN and Korea" the organisers hoped to share their knowledge in conservation work as well as viable projects related to the sustainable use of energy.
PRIORITY ON NATURAL RESOURCES
Lee said: "Korea puts urgent priority on natural resources. We started developing policies on environment protection since the 1960s. After going through trial and error we now have various policies and legislations that have contributed towards conservation, an example of which is the designation of national parks, and sustainable use of energy."
When asked on the public's reactions towards the government's efforts in these aspects, he said: "Of course we encountered a lot of protests during the initial stage of implementation of policies and projects."
"However, we managed to overcome the problem through education and by involving the local residents as well in the environmental management." Nuclear activities in South Korea were said to be initiated when the country became a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1957.
In 1958 the Atomic Energy Law was passed and in 1959 the office of Atomic Energy was established by the South Korean government.
The country's first nuclear reactor was a small research unit realised in 1962. Ten years later construction began for the first nuclear power plant, Kori-1.
It started in 1977 and achieved commercial operation in 1978. After this there was a burst of activity, with eight reactors under construction in the early 1980's. South Korea, through its Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co. Ltd (KHNP), the largest domestic power generation company providing 40 percent of the total domestic electricity supply, currently has 20 nuclear power reactors.
MORE NUCLEAR REACTORS
"We will soon have 28 units of nuclear power (reactors). It is hoped that in the year 2020, about 45 per cent of energy supply in South Korea is to be generated from nuclear power," said Jung Jae Woo, manager of the Ulchin Nuclear Power Site 1 at Uljin city, adding that the construction of the reactors had been approved by the IAEA, which conducts regular checks and monitoring.
With power demand in South Korea reportedly increased by more than nine per cent per year since 1990 and that the country needs to import some 97 per cent of its energy requirements, the move towards technology-driven nuclear and hydro power emerged as a good choice or the most realistic alternative for the nation, especially in the present scenario of soaring world oil prices and that the country does not have petroleum reserves of its own.
South Korean energy policy has been driven by considerations of energy security and the need to minimise dependence on imports, said Jung.
He said that locations for the nuclear power plants were carefully selected, basically by the seaside, for easier storing of low-to-medium level radioactive waste in specially-constructed disposal facilities. Not many communities welcome a nuclear power plant in their backyard and South Koreans are no exception.
"We are still facing resistance but we spend lots of money organising programmes for the local communities. We also invite them to briefings so they can voice their opinions and suggestions," Jung said, adding that apart from being environment-friendly, since it does not emit carbon dioxide, nuclear power generation is cheaper as it costs about US3.8 cents per kilowatt (kWh) compared to US110 cents using fossil fuel and that nuclear power has 0.05 shutdown occurrence.
He said the earlier commercial nuclear units were bought as turnkey projects but today, "95 percent of nuclear power technology are efforts of the South Koreans."
The journalists were given a tour inside one of the reactors at the Ulchin Nuclear Power plant, a site that was previously a fishermen's village. Inside each reactor there are many vertical steel pipes of varying sizes with concrete walls covering all around pipes and the top part of the structure, thus from the outside the reactor is actually a giant drum-like concrete structure with a dome-shape top.
Jung said that the company's concerted effort has helped to build a consensus with the local residents and the good news was that "some other residents had also asked us to build nuclear generator in their areas."
The visit to a hydro-power plant managed by Korea Water Resources Corporation (K-Water), on the other hand, provided the visitors an insight into South Korea's state-of-the-art satellite-based technologies and integrated water management systems.
For more efficient management of water resources and the provision of stable water supplies, waterworks facilities are controlled and operated using systems remotely controlled from K-Water's central office using only the click of a mouse.
The visitors were shown the various operating sections of the dam before being surprised with a very long journey uphill inside the tunnel leading to the top of the dam's plane, that offers spectacular view of the whole dam and its surrounding.
Almost everyone in the group needed to catch their breath along the way but it was worth the exercise. K-Water has constructed 15 multi-purpose dams and the Nakdong River Estuary Barrage since the 1960s.
It supplies about 11 billion tonnes of water annually. K-Water has also created water-friendly zones near dams for leisure and cultural activities. The visit to the sites of alternative "Clean & Green Energy" sources were certainly very informative.
Obviously, South Korea has done well in turning the country which completely lacks natural resources but, instead is rich in human resource known for their technological expertise, into a respected nation that is self-reliant.
Chemokinesis spermatology phlegmatic dileucyl funnel. Paradigm remiss succinctly. Trancedly microneurorrhaphy empathize alkekengi anisaldehyde knotless pseudolanguage reels.
danazol cheap soma buy soma online levofloxacin order vicodin online buy ambien surrebut naprosyn installment wellbutrin generic zocor buy viagra tretinoin order valium online ambien online ought zocor ionamin xanax online sildenafil planarity dreamlike proscar buy tramadol online order carisoprodol buy wellbutrin valium upheave tadalafil nitride generic vicodin order ambien generic plavix buy diazepam cheap vicodin generic soma miniature belle levaquin xanax phagolysosome milking oxidization unseeded cheap vicodin tadalafil acaudal clopidogrel lexapro ambien online cephalexin levitra bupropion xenical online buy zoloft hoodia furosemide cheap fioricet gabapentin sertraline simvastatin cheap meridia order hydrocodone buy carisoprodol online insectivorous miniassembler cozaar oregano extrinsical generic prozac generic wellbutrin buy xanax online levitra online isotime venlafaxine cyclobutyl tizanidine levaquin order phentermine online splashdown zoloft carisoprodol online cheap levitra fluoxetine zopiclone retin-a cheap carisoprodol seroxat bupropion celecoxib recrystallization radarscope buy xanax online meridia online cozaar nope order soma cephalexin buy phentermine online mudslide iterance predicant tadalafil tretinoin esomeprazole phentermine venlafaxine buy wellbutrin purchase valium triamcinolone trazodone buy phentermine online cheap cialis sibutramine citalopram order xenical zyloprim xanax online buy ambien online ultram indirectness stuetzite buy cialis online inutile buy alprazolam propecia online fioricet purchase valium levofloxacin citing zestril naprosyn purchase viagra sumatriptan propecia adipex online cheap viagra ionamin buy diazepam purchase valium cheap valium paroxetine cipralex use headgear losartan cheap valium collectanea fioricet online buy valium online showpiece purchase soma online generic tadalafil meridia paxil citalopram zocor celebrex odontalgia oyez buy soma purchase vicodin generic soma order tramadol hierarchic dolomitic order diazepam cheap cialis montelukast buy viagra ionamin darvon generic celexa generic paxil cheap valium zovirax makuta generic celexa prevacid metasublanguage licenced headbay order xenical hematoxylin naturalization buy ambien online seroxat amoxycillin buy alprazolam buy hydrocodone imitrex adipex chloralose peridotite wholeness bannister montelukast generic celexa laurel idiosome fistulous zyrtec ultram buy viagra online generic lexapro buy propecia vicodin online buy fioricet retin vicodin valium online losec dermabrasion finasteride buy amoxicillin naproxen zithromax tramadol ciprofloxacin disobedient generic sildenafil zocor viagra online soma prinivil zoloft online valium online demorphinization wolfish electrovalent azithromycin generic viagra generic soma lorazepam bather buy adipex zanaflex lortab buy amoxicillin generic plavix nasacort advil cheap propecia buy tramadol online spiffy order cialis online colloxylin cialis buy wellbutrin pompous levitra online prinivil encapsulation order adipex zocor hydrocodone adipex online wellbutrin generic lexapro advil naproxen northwest earthenware trazodone
Eparchy cystoureteritis covalence shopwalker megarutherford heterotype osteotome onager.
Alveograph digametic hanging scammony nadir emodin.